FRAKTUR KLAVIKULA ADALAH PDF


Menurut FKUI (), fraktur adalah rusaknya dan terputusnya kontinuitas tulang . Klavikula adalah patah tulang pada tulang klavikula atau tulang selangka. Intra-articular Fractures By: Robert Shepherd MS, Certified Medical Illustrator, Vice President and Director of Eastern Region Operations. Fracture & Dislocation of ClaviculaFracture & Dislocation of Claviculadr Erwien Isparnadi oductionFractures of the clavicle are.

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This will reduce swelling and bleeding in the injured area. The following images show a knee joint.

As shown in the below illustrations, joint trauma without a diagnosable fracture of any type can injure the smooth, shock-absorbing articular cartilage, with or without microfractures of the underlying bone. Svigt af fiksation i caput femoris varusskred, With the exception of a meniscus, almost all moveable joints are similar to the knee joint in that the joints are lined with a thick, shock-absorbing articular cartilage adherent to smooth, bony surfaces that allow pain-free movement.

In addition, the AC Joint injury can occur as a result of the upward force on the long axis of the humerus in the fall with direct impact when the wrist in a straight position. Sternoclavicular joint anteriorSternoclavicular joint posteriorSternoclavicular joint dislocation posterior clavicle will appear less prominent on palpation.

Shoulder must rest in a position of elevation with an ice pack for 20 minutes every two hours avoid direct contact of ice on the skin.

Fraktur Intra Artikuler

Ligaments can be partially disrupted. In moderate sprains occur sternoclavicular joint subluxation. Status Ujian Fraktur Clavicula Documents. Patients should also have a plain antero-posterior AP X-ray performed in the emergency department.

It is also important to realize that a fracture needs not enter a joint to result in injury to the articular surfaces and begin the self-perpetuating post-traumatic breakdown of the joint surfaces post-traumatic arthritis. Measures such as an arm sling, analgesia and, in the case of mid shaft fractures, figure of eight bandage across the shoulders, often provide ample treatment. Because of the abnormalities of the injured and healed joint surface, natural movement of the joint can also damage the articular cartilage of the opposing joint surface.

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Fraktur Intra Artikuler

Anterior or posterior sternoclavicular subluxation was evident when the joint is injured compared with normal joinSternoclavicular joint describe on 2 type, there is: Fraktur Clavicula dan Fraktur Costae Documents. Sjldent sekundr collum-fraktur Documents.

While intra-articular fractures appear very similar to those that do not involve a joint space extra-articular fracturesintra-articular fractures are significantly more serious because klavikkla are associated with a much greater incidence of long-term complications.

Klasifikasi fraktur berdasarkan garis fraktur Documents. Asuhan Keperawatan Fraktur Clavicula Documents.

Journal Reading Fraktur Clavicula Documents. Hendradi – Fraktur Clavicula Documents. In order to appreciate why intra-articular fractures can be so problematic, a fundamental understanding of a typical joint is helpful. This forces the acromion process of the down, beneath the clavicle. Other projections of the clavicle may be performed after liaising with a radiographer, such an apical oblique view of the clavicle with the patient standing at 45 degrees frakgur the beam and the beam angled degrees TreatmentThe majority of clavicle fractures are treated non-operatively with good outcomes.

Published on Nov View 35 Download In order for joints to have the best chance of proper joint function after healing, physicians go to greater effort to make sure the bony surfaces are properly aligned and that the joint is properly immobilized than they would with a similar fracture that is extra-articular. Traction lateral and medial end of adaalah clavicle done adapah terelevasi forward and laterally.

LP fraktur clavicula 2. OTIntroductionFractures of the clavicle are common injuries accounting for between 2. When a fracture involves the articular surface of one or more bones of a joint, the articular cartilage and smooth articular surface of the bone are disrupted. Discomfort increased when the patient is placed in supine position, the shoulder is not affected in a horizontal position compared with healthy shouldersSome treatment options include open reduction for retrosternal dislocation.

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Displaced lateral clavicle fractures are often treated operatively with conservative measures being associated with high rates of non-unionNon-operative treatment is generally used in those patients who are low demand, elderly or frailIn the case of a standard distal clavicle plate, three screws a minimum of two should be placed in the distal fragment to provide sufficient stabilityMedial end FractureBecause of the close proximity of the mediastinal structures, formal fixation is considered only in the event of marked displacement of the clavicle, with a risk to underlying structuresDislocationDislocation of Sternoclavicular joinDislocation of acromioklavikular AC jointSternoclavicular jointThe patient complained of mild to moderate pain, especially with movement of the upper limb.

This can result in partial or total loss of the articular cartilage and in klavokula “bone-on-bone” articulation that severely decrease range of motion and result in debilitating joint pain.

Fraktur Clavicula dan Fraktur Costae Documents. Orto Fraktur Clavicula Sinistra Documents.

Fraktur Clavicula Ppt

There is swelling and pain, especially with movement of the arm. However, closed reduction is considered the treatment of choice, especially if the patient presents within 24 hours. Mid Shaft Clavicular FractureUndisplaced mid-shaft fractures are generally managed non-operatively.

Pertrochantr fraktur Definition Pertrochantr fraktur Lapsus radiologi fraktur clavicula dan cruris Documents. Thus a type 2a injury represents a fracture medial to both conoid and trapzezoid elements of the CC ligaments, with the shaft displacing superior relative to the lateral endA type 2b injury represents a fracture of the lateral end of the clavicle, with disruption of the conoid portion of the CC ligamenType 1, Middle thirdType 2, lateral thirdType 3, Proximal thirdAssesmentAnamnesis: